Thank you to our sponsor
Citation Racing News
The Triple Crown is a series of three thoroughbred horse races for three-year-old horses, which take place in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown of horse racing is considered one of the most difficult accomplishments in horse racing, and possibly all of sports championships. The grueling schedule requires a three year old horse to win the Kentucky Derby, then two weeks later win the Preakness Stakes, and then three weeks later win the Belmont Stakes. In all of racing history, only thirteen horses have achieved the Triple Crown.
By James Scully
One of the most respected American Thoroughbreds, Citation became the second Triple Crown winner for Calumet Farm in 1948. The mighty bay horse established a modern-day record winning 16 straight races.
A homebred son of foundation sire Bull Lea, Citation was trained by Ben Jones, who won the Kentucky Derby a record six times, and his son Jimmy. Eddie Arcaro guided Citation to easy wins in the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes, and Citation added an 11-length victory in the Jersey Derby between the final two legs.
A versatile performer who could win on the lead and from off the pace, Citation’s racing career can be split into two stages -- his prime in 1947-48, and the latter years after physical issues forced him to miss the 1949 season. He was still good after returning from injury, but Citation established himself as an all-time great winning 27-of-29 starts at ages 2 and 3.
After being named champion 2-year-old, Citation easily defeated 1947 Horse of the Year Armed in the Everglades H. early in his 3-year-old season. He rolled past his front-running stablemate, and eventual Hall of Famer Coaltown when posting a 3 1/2-length decision in the Kentucky Derby.
Citation was kept in training to become Thoroughbred racing’s first millionaire, and he was promptly retired after achieving the milestone in 1951, notching 24 stakes victories from a 45-32-10-2 record. Known as “Big Cry,” Citation set or equaled at least five track records, including a new world record for a mile (1:33 3/5).
Stakes Win History
|1st||Hollywood Gold Cup||1 1/4 Miles||Dirt||Jul 14, 1951|
|1st||American Handicap||1 1/8 Miles||Dirt||Jul 4, 1951|
|1st||Golden Gate Mile||1 Mile||Dirt||Jun 3, 1950|
|1st||Tanforan Handicap||1 1/4 Miles||Dirt||Dec 11, 1948|
|1st||Pimlico Special||1 3/16 Miles||Dirt||Oct 29, 1948|
|1st||Gold Cup||1 5/8 Miles||Dirt||Oct 16, 1948|
|1st||Jockey Club Gold Cup||2 Miles||Dirt||Oct 2, 1948|
|1st||Sysonby Mile||1 Mile||Dirt||Sep 29, 1948|
|1st||American Derby||1 1/4 Mile||Dirt||Aug 28, 1948|
|1st||Stars and Stripes Handicap||1 1/8 Miles||Dirt||Jul 5, 1948|
|1st||Belmont Stakes||1 1/2 Miles||Dirt||Jun 12, 1948|
|1st||Jersey||1 1/4 Miles||Dirt||May 29, 1948|
|1st||Preakness||1 3/16 Miles||Dirt||May 15, 1948|
|1st||Kentucky Derby||1 1/4 Miles||Dirt||May 1, 1948|
|1st||Chesapeake||1 1/16 Miles||Dirt||Apr 17, 1948|
|1st||Flamingo||1 1/8 Miles||Dirt||Feb 28, 1948|
|1st||Everglades Handicap||1 1/8 Miles||Dirt||Feb 18, 1948|
|1st||Seminole Handicap||7 F||Dirt||Feb 11, 1948|
|1st||Pimlico Futurity||1 1/16 F||Dirt||Nov 8, 1947|
|1st||Futurity||6 1/2 F||Dirt||Oct. 4, 1947|
|1st||Elementary||6 F||Dirt||Aug 16, 1947|
*Morning line odds are an independent handicapper’s estimate and do not necessarily reflect the actual chance each horse will win